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We forgive because we have been forgiven.
An Excerpt from The Pardon (A sample chapter from the Reign Novels.)
Jerusalem The Imperial Palace
Imperial Pardon 12.23.240 C.R.
Know all by this document that one Eva Conception Gonzales, a mortal, is hereby pardoned of all past crimes and misdemeanors against the Emperor as of this date. Any and all such crimes or misdemeanors that she has committed or participated in are charged to the Emperor’s own account. All records pertaining to this have been removed from every place, both mortal and Imperial. It is as if they never existed. Her crimes are forgotten by the Emperor Himself as He chooses to exercise His Power Of Forgetfulness in her regard. She is, therefore, found to be in favor with His Majesty and will be considered innocent if she stands before Him.
Signed in the name of the Emperor and for the Imperial High Court by:
David, The Lord Chancellor
Peter, The Master Of The Feast
John, Viceroy, Eastern Hemisphere
Luis, Viceroy, Western Hemisphere
I had never seen such a document although there may be some among my archives. It was personally signed in the Emperor’s name by the Chancellor, the Master Of The Feast and both Viceroys. I read it aloud to Eva in Elaine’s presence. The more I read the bigger her beautiful luminous dark brown eyes seemed to become. Then tears came to them. After I finished reading the names at the bottom, she burst into tears. I dropped the pardon on the stones and rushed to hold her just as she sank to the floor. Sitting on the stones she thanked the Emperor again and again to Elaine. I held her and it occurred to me how significant this was to a person convicted of crimes against the Emperor.
Elaine stroked Eva’s hair, “There, there little one, I know how you feel. It is a wonderful thing,” she said.
I looked at Elaine; my look said exactly ‘what do you mean, I know how you feel?’
Elaine answered, “In our mortality we were all forgiven by the Emperor. That was when we began our new lives. We are now Immortal because of that.”
I have read enough of the sacred writings and the journals to understand, at least to some extent, what Elaine was saying.
And as you would that men should do to you, do you also to them likewise. Jesus, Luke 6:31 KJV Treat others the same way you want them to treat you. Jesus, Luke 6:31 NASB
A Nash equilibrium, also called strategic equilibrium, is a list of strategies, one for each
player, which has the property that no player can unilaterally change his strategy and get
a better payoff.
Ignore the Blonde
John Nash was portrayed in the movie “A Beautiful Mind” by Russell Crowe. While at
University Nash was looking for a fresh insight into economic theory. According to the film, one evening Nash and 3 male friends were in a bar when a blonde woman entered with four brunette women.
All of the men were attracted to the blonde and one of them, not Nash, put forth the
theory of economist Adam Smith that each man should try to succeed in direct competition with the others in trying to capture the attention of the blonde, or to “get the blonde.”
After a flash of inspiration, Nash said that the best collective result will not come from
each man following his own interest, but rather by each man approaching a brunette. This would produce a better result for the group.
Nash reasoned as follows: "If we all go for the blonde, we block each other and not a
single one of us is going to get her. So then we would go for her friends, but they will all give us the cold shoulder because nobody likes to be second choice. But what if no one goes for the
blonde? We don't get in each other's way and we don't insult the other girls. That's the only way we win."
Nash implicitly suggested here that aiming at a brunette is surely successful and that
getting a brunette is better than getting no girl at all. It is also understood that anyone will get the blonde as long as he is the only one approaching her. Finally, Nash assumes that if several guys approach the blonde simultaneously, they would end up getting no girl at all.
When Nash wrote his Ph.D. thesis in 1950, “Non Cooperative Games” at Princeton University, the dissertation was brief. It ran only 26 pages. His dissertation won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1994.
Example: Prisoner’s Dilemma
The story behind the name “Prisoner’s Dilemma” is that of two prisoners held suspect
of a serious crime. There is no judicial evidence for this crime except if one of the prisoners
testifies against the other. If one of them testifies, he will be rewarded with immunity
from prosecution (payoff 3), whereas the other will serve a long prison sentence (payoff
0). If both testify, their punishment will be less severe (payoff 1 for each). However, if
they both “cooperate” with each other by not testifying at all, they will only be imprisoned
briefly, for example for illegal weapons possession (payoff 2 for each). The “defection”
from that mutually beneficial outcome is to testify, which gives a higher payoff no matter
what the other prisoner does, with a resulting lower payoff to both. This constitutes their
The Prisoner’s Dilemma is a game in strategic form between two players. Each player
has two strategies, called “cooperate” and “defect,” which are labeled C and D for player I
and c and d for player II, respectively. (For simpler identification, upper case letters are
used for strategies of player I and lower case letters for player II.)
The resulting payoffs in this game:
Player I chooses a row, either C or D,
And simultaneously player II chooses one of the columns c or d.
The strategy combination (C; c) has payoff 2 for each player,
And the combination (D; d) gives each player payoff 1.
The combination (C; d) results in payoff 0 for player I and 3 for player II,
And when (D; c) is played, player I gets 3 and player II gets 0.
In layman’s terms it all goes something like this. Let us presume that two merchants who
sell similar items are in competition on the same corner or two streets. If they both cooperate
with each other as competitors, for instance, they both stock quality goods at fair prices and
perhaps even send customers to each other to find what they are seeking, They will both earn of profit of “2,” perhaps $2,000 a week or a month. If one of them “defects” and betrays the other, then his profits will rise to around “3.” And the other may make close to nothing. The defector might cut prices drastically in an attempt to run the other merchant out of business and/or stock much inferior goods. This will force the other merchant to defect as well and they will both make a profit of about “1.” Then they are both worse off only making half the profit that they made at the beginning. If they meet and purpose to cooperate again their profits will probably double again in time as customers are convinced that they have changed their ways. This scenario has been proven right again and again in actual practice. Nash proved that Adam Smith’s theory was not correct.
Another example from the movies is found in “Miracle on 34th Street.” In this film the
Christmas Santa at Macy’s begins sending customers to Gimbel’s when they cannot find the
article at Macys. At first this is taken as a betrayal of Macy’s but the customers are so happy that it actually causes much more sales at Macy’s. In turn Mr. Gimbel instructs his employees to reciprocate and both stores do even better.
Another example can been seen in the growth of the university system in Europe between
the years 1,000A.D. and 2,000 A.D. The first universities were started by the patronage of the
King. The European kings each started one university which then had a monopoly on higher
education. However, in England the king supported two universities, Oxford and Cambridge.
These universities had sports teams which competed in games as friendly competitors. The
students would shout things like, “good play” or “well done” to the opposing side. England was
always a little different than the rest of Europe because of the isolation provided by the English Channel.
When the English model came to America it was English “on steroids.” Cooperative
competition abounded. Now you often see a McDonalds across the street from Burger King.
They both do well because Nash’s Equilibrium prevails.
Chamberlain and Hitler
“In 1938, Prime Minister Chamberlain signed the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler,
giving Czechoslovakia over to German conquest but bringing, as Chamberlain promised, “peace in our time.” In September 1939, that peace was shattered by Hitler’s invasion of Poland.
Chamberlain declared war against Germany but during the next eight months showed himself to be ill-equipped for the daunting task of saving Europe from Nazi conquest. After British forces failed to prevent the German occupation of Norway in April 1940, Chamberlain lost the support of many members of his Conservative Party. On May 10, Hitler invaded Holland, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The same day, Chamberlain formally lost the confidence of the House of Commons.” Then Winston Churchill became the Prime Minister.
The result was Germany in ruins, London in ruins, millions die between 1939 and 1945.
Hitler was not rational because he was not sane. On the (usual) negative side,
Hitler was not rational because he was not sane. The Sin nature makes people not sane. The more degenerate a person is the more insane he is.
The Story of The Turtle And The Scorpion
There is an old story told in Greek mythology about the turtle and the scorpion. The
scorpion cannot swim, so he asked the turtle to carry him across a river on his back. The turtle
refused and said, “When we are in the midst of the river you will sting me and we will both die.” The scorpion responded, “I will not sting you. That would be insane. I need you to get me to the other side of the river. Would I kill myself as well?” So the turtle saw the reasonableness of that and took the scorpion on his back to cross the river. When they were about halfway across the river the scorpion stung the turtle. The turtle asked, “Why did you sting me? Now we will both die.” The scorpion answered, “I could not help it. It is my nature.”
It is the nature of unredeemed man to act contrary of his own best interests. That is
unreasonable. The sin nature is unreasonable. It will act according to its nature. This is the one
thing that secular humanism in all of its many forms cannot comprehend. Man will not of his
own free will admit that he is insane because of sin. But sometimes he can learn the lesson of the Prisoner’s Dilemma game and cooperate for his own benefit. This proves that the Golden Rule is best for all. Furthermore, either hard experience or true spiritual enlightenment, Christian regeneration, will cause us to practice the Golden Rule in this life.
But I Will Show You A Mystery
A new Christian perspective. What Is Rational? What is Irrational?
God is not rational according to human standards, but He has infinite resources. Therefore,
rational by His own standards. Since He is sufficient in Himself. He has no personal need to win as a “player in the game.” Since Christian believers have access to God’s own resources they do not have to win in a game with mortal rules.
David J. Keyser PhD
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